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5. Primary causes of malfunction of joints and bones

Joints – inflammatory and degenerative affection
Inflammatory affection of joints is frequently caused by autoimmune process – it is characterised by the presence of antibody in organism, which act against natural structures of organism and cause the inflammation of joint capsule covering. This results in an increased fluid elimination into the articular cavity an its accumulation, later – to the hypertrophy of joint capsule. Each movement inside/of join or a touch of join cause pain. The persistence and repetition of inflammation lead to the destruction of joint capsule and later induce degenerative changes in/of joint, which represent a serious impairment of joint structure. The inflammation of joint may be also induced by the sedimentation of uric acid crystals in joints in case of over-production or decreased external secretion. The sedimentation of crystals induce a painful attack, mainly during nights. Gradually, the destruction of articular cartilage and degenerative changes of joint are induced.

Joints – disorders with sedimentation of uric acid in joints
symptoms: arthralgia – spontaneous or palpable, flush, oedema, affected is mainly one joint – mainly knee or malleolus

Joints – inflammatory affection
symptoms: arthralgia, swelling of ankle, flush of joints, haphalgesia of joints, morning stiffness

Joints – the degeneration of articular cartilage (changes of cartilage structure)
symptoms: arthralgia, dysarthrosis, morning stiffness

Rectification of alimentation and motorial activities in case of inflammatory and degenerative affection of joints

Bones – the loss of bone mass
The loss of bone mass and the change of microstructure of bones is caused by the disproportion between the destruction and the formation of bones. An important structural component of bones is calcium, which presence is inevitable for the rigidity of bone structures. An important reserve of calcium in organism are bones, from which is calcium destructed - in case of its shortage in organism- because calcium is inevitable for life (its rapid increase or decrease in blood, may endanger life). Not only insufficient intake of calcium to the organism may cause its insufficient level in blood, but also its decreased absorption, which is affected by vitamin D. The most risk period, in which the increased rarefaction is noticed, is menopause. During the period of menopause the increased destruction of bones is occurring, which is caused by the lack of estrogens, which positively affect the storage of calcium in bones. The increased destruction of calcium from bones decrease their rigidity, which is connected with a frequent appearance of fractures.

Bones – the decrease of bone mass content as a result of decreased hormonal levels
symptoms: frequent fractures

Rectification of alimentation and motorial activities in case of rarefaction of bone mass

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